Autism spectrum disorder

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What is autism spectrum disorder?

Autism spectrum disorders are neural development disorders characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, restricted and repetitive behavior, with varying developmental and intellectual disabilities. These signs begin before a child is three years old.

Common symptoms reported by people with autism spectrum disorder

Common symptoms
How bad it is
What people are taking for it

Reports may be affected by other conditions and/or medication side effects. We ask about general symptoms (anxious mood, depressed mood, insomnia, fatigue, and pain) regardless of condition.
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Treatments taken by people with autism spectrum disorder

Treatment name(s)
Type
How many have tried
Tried for
Treatment name(s)

(Nature's Bounty Melatonin)
Type
Supplement
How many have tried
5
Tried for
Insomnia (5) Fatigue (1)
Treatment name(s)

(Ambien)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
5
Tried for
Insomnia (5)
Type
Lifestyle Modification
How many have tried
4
Treatment name(s)

(Neurontin)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
4
Tried for
Pain (4)
Treatment name(s)

(Outpatient Occupational Therapy)
Type
Physical Therapy
How many have tried
4
Tried for
autism spectrum disorder (4)
Treatment name(s)

(Risperdal)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
4
Tried for
autism spectrum disorder (4)
Treatment name(s)

(Zoloft)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
4
Tried for
Depressed mood (4) Anxious mood (1)
Treatment name(s)

(Effexor XR)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
4
Tried for
Depressed mood (4)
Treatment name(s)

(Elavil)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
3
Tried for
Pain (2) Insomnia (1)
Type
Psychotherapy
How many have tried
3
Tried for
autism spectrum disorder (3)

Data from patients with autism spectrum disorder, who reported starting treatments within the last 5 years.
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Compare treatments taken by people with autism spectrum disorder

Treatment name(s)
Perceived effectiveness
Side effects
Total evaluations
Tried for
Treatment name(s)

(Nature's Bounty Melatonin)
Perceived effectiveness
for Insomnia (5 evaluations)
Side effects
Acne breakout Brain fog 4 more
Total evaluations
7
Tried for
Insomnia (5) Fatigue (1)
Treatment name(s)

(Ambien)
Perceived effectiveness
for Insomnia (2 evaluations)
Side effects
Total evaluations
2
Tried for
Insomnia (5)
Perceived effectiveness
for autism spectrum disorder (2 evaluations)
Side effects
Total evaluations
2
Treatment name(s)

(Neurontin)
Perceived effectiveness
for Pain (5 evaluations)
Side effects
Excessive appetite Muscle and joint pain 1 more
Total evaluations
6
Tried for
Pain (4)
Treatment name(s)

(Outpatient Occupational Therapy)
Perceived effectiveness
for autism spectrum disorder (3 evaluations)
Side effects
Total evaluations
3
Tried for
autism spectrum disorder (4)
Treatment name(s)

(Risperdal)
Perceived effectiveness
for autism spectrum disorder (2 evaluations)
Side effects
Daytime sedation
Total evaluations
2
Tried for
autism spectrum disorder (4)
Treatment name(s)

(Zoloft)
Perceived effectiveness
for Depressed mood (2 evaluations)
Side effects
Deadened emotions Depressed mood 2 more
Total evaluations
4
Tried for
Depressed mood (4) Anxious mood (1)
Treatment name(s)

(Effexor XR)
Perceived effectiveness
for Depressed mood (2 evaluations)
Side effects
Excessive sweating acne 7 more
Total evaluations
5
Tried for
Depressed mood (4)
Treatment name(s)

(Elavil)
Perceived effectiveness
for Pain (1 evaluation)
Side effects
Dry mouth Mood changes 1 more
Total evaluations
2
Tried for
Pain (2) Insomnia (1)
Perceived effectiveness
for autism spectrum disorder (10 evaluations)
Side effects
Paranoia post-traumatic stress disorder
Total evaluations
10
Tried for
autism spectrum disorder (3)
  • Major
  • Moderate
  • Slight
  • None
  • Can't tell
  • Severe
  • Moderate
  • Mild
  • None

Data from patients with autism spectrum disorder, who reported starting treatments within the last 5 years.
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Who has autism spectrum disorder on PatientsLikeMe?


Age
Age Proportion # of patients
<20 305
20s 182
30s 167
40s 185
50s 89
60s 19
70+ 3
Age at first symptom
Age at first symptom Proportion # of patients
0-19 years 336
20-29 years 16
30-39 years 10
40-49 years 4
50-59 years 2
60-69 years 0
70+ years 0

Sex

Distribution of sex

54% Female
46% Male

Diagnosis status
Diagnosis status Proportion # of patients
Diagnosed 460
Not Diagnosed 97

These charts show data from autism spectrum disorder patients who have completed their condition history
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