What is pregabalin?
Pregabalin is an anti-epileptic drug, also called an anticonvulsant. It works by slowing down impulses in the brain that cause seizures. Pregabalin also affects chemicals in the brain that send pain signals across the nervous system.
Pregabalin is used to control seizures and to treat fibromyalgia. It is also used to treat pain caused by nerve damage in people with diabetes (diabetic neuropathy) or herpes zoster (post-herpetic neuralgia).
Pregabalin may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
You should not use this medication if you are allergic to pregabalin.
Before using pregabalin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have:
- congestive heart failure;
- diabetes; or
- kidney disease.
If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take pregabalin.
You may have thoughts about suicide while taking this medication. Tell your doctor if you have new or worsening depression or suicidal thoughts during the first several months of treatment, or whenever your dose is changed.
Your family or other caregivers should also be alert to changes in your mood or symptoms. Your doctor will need to check you at regular visits. Do not miss any scheduled appointments.
FDA pregnancy category C. This medication may be harmful to an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.
If a man fathers a child while using this medication, the baby may have birth defects. Use a condom to prevent pregnancy during your treatment.
It is not known whether pregabalin passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Do not give this medication to a child younger than 18 years old.
Avoid drinking alcohol. It can increase some of the side effects of pregabalin.
Pregabalin can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.
Cold or allergy medicine, narcotic pain medicine, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression or anxiety can add to sleepiness caused by pregabalin. Tell your doctor if you regularly use any of these other medicines.
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Seek emergency medical treatment if you think you have used too much of this medicine.
Symptoms of a pregabalin overdose are not known.
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
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Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have any new or worsening symptoms such as: mood or behavior changes, depression, anxiety, or if you feel agitated, hostile, restless, hyperactive (mentally or physically), or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself.
Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
- muscle pain, weakness, or tenderness (especially if you also have a fever and feel tired);
- easy bruising or bleeding; or
- swelling in your hands or feet, rapid weight gain.
Less serious side effects may include:
- dizziness or drowsiness, anxiety;
- blurred vision;
- loss of balance or coordination;
- problems with memory or concentration;
- dry mouth;
- skin rash or itching;
- constipation, stomach pain;
- increased appetite; or
- joint or muscle pain.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
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There may be other drugs that can interact with pregabalin. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.
Lyrica and pregabalin
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