What is hydrochlorothiazide-lisinopril?
Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic (water pill) that helps prevent your body from absorbing too much salt, which can cause fluid retention.
Lisinopril is in a group of drugs called ACE inhibitors. ACE stands for angiotensin converting enzyme. Lisinopril lowers blood pressure and also relieves symptoms of fluid retention.
The combination of hydrochlorothiazide and lisinopril is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).
Hydrochlorothiazide and lisinopril may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Do not use this medication if you are unable to urinate.
You should not use this medication if you are allergic to any other ACE inhibitor, such as benazepril (Lotensin), captopril (Capoten), fosinopril (Monopril), enalapril (Vasotec), moexipril (Univasc), perindopril (Aceon), quinapril (Accupril), ramipril (Altace), or trandolapril (Mavik).
If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take hydrochlorothiazide and lisinopril:
- kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis);
- liver disease;
- heart disease or congestive heart failure;
- asthma or allergies;
- diabetes; or
- an allergy to sulfa drugs.
FDA pregnancy category D. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy. Lisinopril could cause birth defects in the baby if you take the medication during pregnancy. Use an effective form of birth control. Stop using this medication and tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant during treatment.
Hydrochlorothiazide can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated during exercise and in hot weather. Follow your doctor’s instructions about the type and amount of liquids you should drink. In some cases, drinking too much liquid can be as unsafe as not drinking enough.
Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy. Get up slowly and steady yourself to prevent a fall.
Avoid drinking alcohol, which can increase some of the side effects of hydrochlorothiazide and lisinopril.
Avoid the regular use of salt substitutes in your diet, and do not take potassium supplements while taking hydrochlorothiazide and lisinopril, unless your doctor has told you to.
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Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.
Overdose symptoms may include nausea, weakness, dizziness, dry mouth, thirst, muscle pain or weakness, or feeling like you might pass out.
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at the next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
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Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; severe stomach pain; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
- high potassium (slow heart rate, weak pulse, muscle weakness, tingly feeling);
- low potassium (confusion, uneven heart rate, extreme thirst, increased urination, leg discomfort, muscle weakness or limp feeling);
- dry mouth, thirst, nausea, vomiting;
- feeling weak, drowsy, restless, or light-headed;
- a red, blistering, peeling skin rash;
- jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
- urinating less than usual or not at all;
- swelling, weight gain, feeling short of breath; or
- fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms.
Less serious side effects may include:
- dizziness, tired feeling, depressed mood;
- headache, blurred vision;
- diarrhea, constipation, upset stomach; or
- mild skin rash, increased sweating.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
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Cold or allergy medicine, sedatives, pain medication, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression or anxiety can add to the side effects of hydrochlorothiazide and lisinopril. Tell your doctor if you regularly use any of these medicines, or any other blood pressure medications.
Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs:
- other diuretics (water pills) or blood pressure medications;
- gold injections to treat arthritis;
- lithium (Lithobid, Eskalith);
- cholestyramine (Prevalite, Questran) or colestipol (Colestid);
- steroids (prednisone and others);
- NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), diclofenac (Voltaren), indomethacin, naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), piroxicam (Feldene), nabumetone (Relafen), etodolac (Lodine), and others; or
- insulin or diabetes medicine taken by mouth.
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with hydrochlorothiazide and lisinopril. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.
Prinzide, Zestoretic, hydrochlorothiazide-lisinopril, and lisinopril-hydrochlorothiazide
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