Traumatic brain injury

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What is traumatic brain injury?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. An open TBI occurs when the skull is penetrated. Closed TBI involves internal injuries to the brain. The injury to brain tissue temporarily or permanently impairs brain function.

Common symptoms reported by people with traumatic brain injury

Common symptoms
How bad it is
What people are taking for it

Reports may be affected by other conditions and/or medication side effects. We ask about general symptoms (anxious mood, depressed mood, insomnia, fatigue, and pain) regardless of condition.
Last updated:

Treatments taken by people with traumatic brain injury

You’ve tried
Treatment name(s)
Type
How many have tried
Tried for
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Zoloft)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
45
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Home Physical Therapy)
Type
Physical Therapy
How many have tried
40
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (40) Dizziness (1)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Celexa)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
27
Tried for
Depressed mood (27) traumatic brain injury (2)
1 more
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Topamax)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
23
Tried for
Migraine headaches (20) Headaches (4)
2 more
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Effexor XR)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
23
Tried for
Depressed mood (22) Headaches (1)
1 more
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Ambien)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
20
Tried for
Insomnia (20)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Type
Psychotherapy
How many have tried
19
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (19)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Prozac)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
19
Tried for
Depressed mood (19) Pain (1)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Klonopin)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
18
Tried for
Anxious mood (18) Insomnia (1)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Neurontin)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
17
Tried for
Pain (13) Migraine headaches (2)
3 more

Data from patients with traumatic brain injury, who reported starting treatments within the last 5 years.
Last updated:
You’ve tried this treatment.

Compare treatments taken by people with traumatic brain injury

You’ve tried
Treatment name(s)
Perceived effectiveness
Side effects
Total evaluations
Tried for
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Zoloft)
Perceived effectiveness
for Depressed mood (22 evaluations)
Side effects
Diarrhea Sexual dysfunction 11 more
Total evaluations
25
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Home Physical Therapy)
Perceived effectiveness
for traumatic brain injury (21 evaluations)
Side effects
Fatigue Pain 11 more
Total evaluations
27
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (40) Dizziness (1)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Celexa)
Perceived effectiveness
for Depressed mood (13 evaluations)
Side effects
Diarrhea Dry mouth 3 more
Total evaluations
16
Tried for
Depressed mood (27) traumatic brain injury (2)
1 more
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Topamax)
Perceived effectiveness
for Migraine headaches (9 evaluations)
Side effects
anorexia nervosa Aphasia 12 more
Total evaluations
9
Tried for
Migraine headaches (20) Headaches (4)
2 more
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Effexor XR)
Perceived effectiveness
for Depressed mood (18 evaluations)
Side effects
Anxious mood Nervousness 11 more
Total evaluations
23
Tried for
Depressed mood (22) Headaches (1)
1 more
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Ambien)
Perceived effectiveness
for Insomnia (13 evaluations)
Side effects
Brain fog Excessive daytime sleepiness (somnolence) 5 more
Total evaluations
13
Tried for
Insomnia (20)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Perceived effectiveness
for traumatic brain injury (16 evaluations)
Side effects
Agitation Anger 9 more
Total evaluations
17
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (19)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Prozac)
Perceived effectiveness
for Depressed mood (7 evaluations)
Side effects
Auditory hallucinations Balance problems 10 more
Total evaluations
9
Tried for
Depressed mood (19) Pain (1)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Klonopin)
Perceived effectiveness
for Anxious mood (9 evaluations)
Side effects
Excessive sleeping (hypersomnia) Loss of balance 1 more
Total evaluations
12
Tried for
Anxious mood (18) Insomnia (1)
Check to add this treatment to your profile
Treatment name(s)

(Neurontin)
Perceived effectiveness
for Pain (7 evaluations)
Side effects
Numbness in face Rolling pain in upper abdomen and chest 1 more
Total evaluations
9
Tried for
Pain (13) Migraine headaches (2)
3 more
  • Major
  • Moderate
  • Slight
  • None
  • Can't tell
  • Severe
  • Moderate
  • Mild
  • None

Data from patients with traumatic brain injury, who reported starting treatments within the last 5 years.
Last updated:
You’ve tried this treatment.

Who has traumatic brain injury on PatientsLikeMe?


Age
Age Proportion # of patients
<20 99
20s 669
30s 1,772
40s 1,985
50s 1,577
60s 691
70+ 91
Age at first symptom
Age at first symptom Proportion # of patients
0-19 years 203
20-29 years 228
30-39 years 210
40-49 years 193
50-59 years 78
60-69 years 5
70+ years 0

Sex

Distribution of sex

49% Female
51% Male

Diagnosis status
Diagnosis status Proportion # of patients
Diagnosed 1,677
Not Diagnosed 141

These charts show data from TBI patients who have completed their condition history
Last updated: