Traumatic brain injury

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What is traumatic brain injury?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. An open TBI occurs when the skull is penetrated. Closed TBI involves internal injuries to the brain. The injury to brain tissue temporarily or permanently impairs brain function.

Common symptoms reported by people with traumatic brain injury

Common symptoms
How bad it is
What people are taking for it

Reports may be affected by other conditions and/or medication side effects. We ask about general symptoms (anxious mood, depressed mood, fatigue, pain, and stress) regardless of condition.
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Treatments taken by people with traumatic brain injury

Treatment name(s)
Type
How many have tried
Tried for
Treatment name(s)

(Home Physical Therapy)
Type
Physical Therapy
How many have tried
42
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (42) dizziness (1)
Treatment name(s)

(Zoloft)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
41
Tried for
depressed mood (40) stress (1)
1 more
Treatment name(s)

(Effexor XR)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
24
Tried for
depressed mood (23) headaches (1)
1 more
Treatment name(s)

(Celexa)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
22
Tried for
depressed mood (22) anxious mood (1)
Type
Psychotherapy
How many have tried
20
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (20)
Treatment name(s)

(Topamax)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
19
Tried for
migraine headaches (16) headaches (3)
1 more
Treatment name(s)

(Prozac)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
18
Tried for
depressed mood (18) Pain (1)
Treatment name(s)

(Outpatient Occupational Therapy)
Type
Physical Therapy
How many have tried
17
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (17)
Treatment name(s)

(Lexapro)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
16
Tried for
depressed mood (14) anxious mood (8)
Treatment name(s)

(Neurontin)
Type
Prescription Drug
How many have tried
16
Tried for
Pain (13) migraine headaches (2)
2 more

Data from patients with traumatic brain injury, who reported starting treatments within the last 5 years.
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Compare treatments taken by people with traumatic brain injury

Treatment name(s)
Perceived effectiveness
Side effects
Total evaluations
Tried for
Treatment name(s)

(Home Physical Therapy)
Perceived effectiveness
for traumatic brain injury (23 evaluations)
Side effects
fatigue Pain 12 more
Total evaluations
29
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (42) dizziness (1)
Treatment name(s)

(Zoloft)
Perceived effectiveness
for depressed mood (20 evaluations)
Side effects
diarrhea decreased sex drive (libido) 10 more
Total evaluations
22
Tried for
depressed mood (40) stress (1)
1 more
Treatment name(s)

(Effexor XR)
Perceived effectiveness
for depressed mood (17 evaluations)
Side effects
anxious mood nervousness 9 more
Total evaluations
20
Tried for
depressed mood (23) headaches (1)
1 more
Treatment name(s)

(Celexa)
Perceived effectiveness
for depressed mood (11 evaluations)
Side effects
diarrhea dry mouth 2 more
Total evaluations
14
Tried for
depressed mood (22) anxious mood (1)
Perceived effectiveness
for traumatic brain injury (16 evaluations)
Side effects
agitation anger 9 more
Total evaluations
17
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (20)
Treatment name(s)

(Topamax)
Perceived effectiveness
for migraine headaches (7 evaluations)
Side effects
anorexia nervosa aphasia 9 more
Total evaluations
7
Tried for
migraine headaches (16) headaches (3)
1 more
Treatment name(s)

(Prozac)
Perceived effectiveness
for depressed mood (6 evaluations)
Side effects
auditory hallucinations balance problems 10 more
Total evaluations
8
Tried for
depressed mood (18) Pain (1)
Treatment name(s)

(Outpatient Occupational Therapy)
Perceived effectiveness
for traumatic brain injury (8 evaluations)
Side effects
Hospitalization hostility
Total evaluations
8
Tried for
traumatic brain injury (17)
Treatment name(s)

(Lexapro)
Perceived effectiveness
for depressed mood (11 evaluations)
Side effects
male sexual dysfunction decreased sex drive (libido) 9 more
Total evaluations
14
Tried for
depressed mood (14) anxious mood (8)
Treatment name(s)

(Neurontin)
Perceived effectiveness
for Pain (7 evaluations)
Side effects
numbness in face rolling pain in upper abdomen and chest 1 more
Total evaluations
8
Tried for
Pain (13) migraine headaches (2)
2 more
  • Major
  • Moderate
  • Slight
  • None
  • Can't tell
  • Severe
  • Moderate
  • Mild
  • None

Data from patients with traumatic brain injury, who reported starting treatments within the last 5 years.
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Who has traumatic brain injury on PatientsLikeMe?


Age
Age Proportion # of patients
<20 87
20s 659
30s 1,849
40s 2,179
50s 1,795
60s 812
70+ 122
Age at first symptom
Age at first symptom Proportion # of patients
0-19 years 250
20-29 years 278
30-39 years 258
40-49 years 248
50-59 years 104
60-69 years 11
70+ years 0

Sex

Distribution of sex

51% Female
49% Male

Diagnosis status
Diagnosis status Proportion # of patients
Diagnosed 1,905
Not Diagnosed 171

These charts show data from TBI patients who have completed their condition history
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