Ipratropium is an anticholinergic drug with similar effects to atropine, but since it is poorly absorbed into the blood, it has few side effects (such as tachycardia) at therapeutic doses. It is available as an inhalant or a nasal spray. It is also used for the reduction of secretions in the lungs.
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What is ipratropium?
Ipratropium inhalation is used to prevent bronchospasm, or narrowing airways in the lungs, in people with bronchitis, emphysema, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
Ipratropium inhalation may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Ipratropium inhalation is used to prevent bronchospasm attacks. This medication will not treat bronchospasm while it is happening. You may still have difficulty breathing and may need to use one of your other medicines to treat the attack. To best control your condition, use ipratropium inhalation regularly, and continue using all your other medicines as directed by your doctor.
Before using ipratropium inhalation, tell your doctor if you have:
narrow-angle glaucoma; or
an enlarged prostate or a bladder obstruction.
If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication.
FDA pregnancy category B: This medication is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby. Do not use ipratropium inhalation without telling your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.
It is not known if ipratropium passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use ipratropium inhalation without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Ipratropium inhalation should not be used by a child younger than 12 years of age.
Avoid getting this medication in your eyes. If this happens, rinse with water.
Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Ipratropium inhalation is not expected to cause overdose symptoms.
Use the medication as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and wait until your next regularly scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Before using ipratropium inhalation, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following medicines:
atropine (Donnatal, and others),
hyoscyamine (Anaspaz, Cystospaz, Levsin, and others)
methscopolamine (Pamine), and
propantheline (Pro-Banthine), or
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs not listed that can affect ipratropium inhalation. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.
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